My current research interest is in mathematical physics and in particular inverse (scattering) problems. Recently I have been interested in Riemannian and Lorentzian geometry and I study nonlinear elliptic and hyperbolic equations in this abstract setting. Some model equations (and their variants) that I study are the nonlinear wave equation $(\partial_t^2-\Delta_g) u + qu^p=0$ and various Schrödinger type equations of the form $\Delta_g u + qu^p=0$, where $\Delta_g$ is the Laplace-Beltrami operator. I did my PhD work on elliptic biharmonic problems i.e. differential and integral, linear and non-linear, equations involving the bi-Laplacian $\Delta^2$. During my PhD I studied operators of the form $H_4:= \Delta^2 + \vec{q}\cdot\nabla + V$ where $\vec{q}$ and $V$ are functions from some suitable function spaces. I also work on numerical implementations of the theoretical results.

More information about the Inverse Problems research group is available on the group's website.

The following subjects (in no particular order) are close to my heart

  • Mathematical physics: scattering theory
  • Inverse problems
  • Topics of partial differential equations, operator theory, integral equations
  • Numerical implementations

Publications and other things


Please find preprint versions of the articles by clicking the link titled "pdf" after each paper. Please note that there can be changes and corrections to the preprints in the published versions.

Journal articles

  1. Lassas M, Liimatainen T, Potenciano-Machado L and Tyni T, Uniqueness, reconstruction and stability for an inverse problem of a semi-linear wave equation, Journal of Differential Equations, DOI:10.1016/j.jde.2022.08.010 2022 pdf
  2. Liimatainen T, Lin Y-H, Salo M, Tyni T, Inverse problems for elliptic equations with fractional power type nonlinearities, Journal of Differential Equations, DOI:10.1016/j.jde.2021.10.015, 2022. pdf
  3. Harju M, Kultima J, Serov V and Tyni T, Two-dimensional inverse scattering for quasi-linear biharmonic operator, Inverse Problems & Imaging, DOI:10.3934/ipi.2021026, 2021. pdf
  4. Brander T, Ilmavirta J, Piiroinen P and Tyni T, Optimal recovery of a radiating source with multiple frequencies along one line, Inverse Problems & Imaging, 14:6, 967-983, 2020. pdf
  5. Tyni T, Numerical results for Saito's uniqueness theorem in inverse scattering theory, Inverse Problems, 35:6, 065002, 2020. pdf
  6. Serov V and Tyni T, Inverse medium problem for a singular contrast, Journal of Mathematical Physics 60, 111508, 2019. pdf
  7. Tyni T and Serov V, Inverse scattering problem for quasi-linear perturbation of the biharmonic operator on the line, Inverse Problems & Imaging 13:1, 159-175, 2019. pdf
  8. Tyni T, Recovery of singularities from a backscattering Born approximation for a biharmonic operator in 3D, Inverse Problems 34, 045007, 2018. pdf
  9. Tyni T and Serov V, Scattering problems for perturbations of the multidimensional biharmonic operator, Inverse Problems & Imaging 12:1, 205-227, 2018. pdf
  10. Tyni T and Harju M, Inverse backscattering problem for perturbations of biharmonic operator, Inverse Problems 33, 105002, 2017. pdf
  11. Tyni T, Harju M and Serov V, Recovery of singularities in a fourth-order operator on the line from limited data, Inverse Problems 32, 075001, 2016. pdf

Conference proceedings and preprints

  1. Lassas M, Liimatainen T, Potenciano-Machado L and Tyni T, An inverse problem for a semi-linear wave equation: a numerical study, Preprint March 2022, ArXiv
  2. Lassas M, Liimatainen T, Potenciano-Machado L and Tyni T, Stability estimates for inverse problems for semi-linear wave equations on Lorentzian manifolds, Preprint June 2021, ArXiv
  3. Serov V and Tyni T, Inverse scattering problems for perturbed bi-harmonic operator, AIP Conference Proceedings 1776 (2016) pdf

Conference talks

  1. Inverse Problems: Modeling and Simulation 2022 (Malta)
  2. International Zoom Inverse Problems seminar 2022 (UCI) (Link to the talk)
  3. Inverse Problems and Nonlinearity 2021 (Helsinki, Finland) (Link to the talk)
  4. Inverse Days 2020 (Helsinki, Finland)
  5. Mathematical Days 2020 (Oulu, Finland)
  6. Inverse Days 2019 (Jyväskylä, Finland)
  7. AIP 2019 (Grenoble, France)
  8. Inverse Days 2018 (Helsinki, Finland)
  9. Mathematical Days 2018 (Joensuu, Finland)
  10. Inverse Days 2016 (Kuopio, Finland)
  11. Inverse Days 2015 (Lappeenranta, Finland)


  1. I organized minisymposium M27 at the IPMS2022 conference at Malta
  2. I took part in the local organizing committee of Inverse Problems and Nonlinearity 2020 (Helsinki).
  3. In 2018 I received The Finnish Inverse Prize.
  4. I took part in the local organizing committee of Inverse Days 2017 (Oulu).