Helsinki Stickleback Group

Ulrika Candolin
Dept of Biosciences
P.O. Box 65
University of Helsinki





Candolin, U. & Wong, B.B.M. 2012. Behavioural responses to a changing world: mechanisms and consequnces. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Candolin, U & Wong B.B.M. (in press). Mating systems in a changing environment. In: The Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology (ed. R. M. Kliman). Elsevier.

Candolin, U & Wong B.B.M. 2012. Sexual selection in changing environments: consequences for individuals and populations. In: Behavioural responses to a changing world: mechanisms and consequences (eds U. Candolin & B.B.M. Wong), pp 201-215. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Candolin, U. 2010. Male ornaments and habitat deterioration. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behaviour (eds. M. Breed & J Moore), Vol 2, pp 336-339. Academic Press, Oxford

Candolin, U. & Wong, B.B.M. 2008. Mate choice. In: Fish Behaviour (eds. Magnhagen, C., Braithwaite, V. A., Forsgren E. & Kapoor, B. G.), pp 337-376. Science Publishers Inc.


Candolin, U. & Tukiainen, I. (in press). The sexual selection paradigm: have we overlooked other mechanisms in the evolution of male ornaments? - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B.

Hopkins, J., Baudry, G., Candolin, U. & Kaitala, A. In press. I’m sexy and I glow it: female ornamentation in a nocturnal capital breeder - Biology Letters

Candolin, U. Johanson, A. Budria, A. (in press). The influence of stickleback on the accumulation of primary production: a comparison of field and experimental data - Estuaries and Coasts

Michelangeli, M.; Tuomainen, U.; Candolin, U. Wong, BBM. 2015. Male signalling effort in response to changes in habitat complexity. – Behavioral Ecology 26: 1164-1169.

Wong, B.B.M., and Candolin, U. 2015. Lessons for a changing world: a response to comments on Wong and Candolin - Behavioral Ecology 26: 679-680.

Wong, B.B.M. & Candolin, U. 2015. Behavioral responses to changing environments. - Behavioral Ecology 26: 665-673.

Brutemark A, Engström-Öst J, Vehmaa A & Gorokhova E (in press). 
Growth, toxicity and oxidative stress of a cultured cyanobacterium (Dolichospermum sp.) during different CO2/pH and temperature conditions. - Phycological Research

Budria A. & Candolin, U. 2015. Do algae blooms dilute the risk of trematode infections in  threespine stickleback? – Current Zoology 61.

Budria A. & Candolin, U. 2015. Human-induced eutrophication maintains high parasite prevalence in breeding threespine stickleback populations. - Parasitology 142: 719-727.

Hogfors H, Motwani NH, Hajdu S, El-Shehawy R, Holmborn T, Vehmaa A, Engström-Öst J, Brutemark A & Gorokhova E. 2014. Bloom-forming cyanobacteria support copepod reproduction and development in the Baltic Sea. - PLoS ONE  9(11): e112692.

Almén A-K, Vehmaa A, Brutemark A & Engström-Öst J. 2014. Coping with climate change? Copepods experience drastic variations in their physicochemical environment on a diurnal basis. - Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 460: 120-128

Engström-Öst J, Holmborn T, Brutemark A, Hogfors H, Vehmaa A & Gorokhova E. 2014. Short-term acidification effects on the reproductive output of Acartia bifilosa. - Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 47:173-183

Candolin, U. 2014. The complexity of fish communication in human-disturbed environments - comment on Radford et al. - Behavioral Ecology 25: 1031-1036. link

Budria A. & Candolin, U. 2014. How does human-induced environmental change influence host-parasite interactions? - Parasitology 141: 462-474. link

Candolin, U., Nieminen A. & Nyman, J. 2014. Indirect effects of human-induced environmental change on offspring production mediated by behavioural responses – Oecologia 174: 87-97. link

Vehmaa A, Hogfors H, Gorokhova E, Brutemark A, Holmborn T, Engström-Öst J 2013. Projected marine climate change: effects on copepod oxidative status and reproduction. - Ecology and Evolution 3:4548-4557

Candolin, U. & Vlieger, L. 2013. Estimating the dynamics of sexual selection in changing environments. – Evolutionary Biology 40:589-600. link

Tuomainen, U. & Candolin U. 2013. Environmental change and extended phenotypes: does eutrophication influence nest building in sticklebacks? – Ethology 119: 503-510.

Candolin, U. & Vlieger, L. 2013. Should attractive males sneak: the trade-off between current and future offspring. - PloSOne 8(3): e57992

Wong, B.B.M., Tuomainen, U. and Candolin, U. 2012. Algal blooms impact the quality of nest construction in three-spined sticklebacks - Animal Behaviour 84: 1541-1545

Heuschele, J. , Salminen, T. & Candolin, U. 2012. Habitat change influences mate search behaviour in threespine sticklebacks - Animal Behaviour 83: 1505-1510.

Candolin, U. & Selin, M. 2012. Density-dependent habitat selection in a growing threespine stickleback population. – International Journal of Zoology 2012: ID378913, 6 pages.

Tuomainen, U, Sylvin, E. and Candolin, U. 2011. Adaptive phenotypic differentiation of courtship in response to recent anthropogenic disturbance. - Evolutionary Ecology Research 13: 697-710.- pdf

Tuomainen, U. & Candolin, U. 2011. Behavioural responses to human-induced environmental change. - Biological Reviews 86: 640-657. - pdf

van der Sluijs, I., Gray, S.M., Amorim, M.C.P., Barber, I., Candolin, U., Hendry, A., Krahe, R., Maan, M.E., Utne-Palm, A.C., Wagner, H.-J., and Wong, B.B.M. 2011. Communication in troubled waters: The evolutionary implications of changing environments on fish communication systems. – Evolutionary Ecology 25: 623-640. - pdf

Heuschele, J. & Candolin, U. 2010. Reversed parasite-mediated selection in densely vegetated habitats. – Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 64:1229–1237.- pdf

Candolin, U. & Salesto, T. 2009. Does competition allow male mate choosiness in threespine sticklebacks? – American Naturalist 173, 273-277. - pdf

Heuschele, J., Mannerla, M., Gienapp, P. & Candolin, U. 2009. Environment-dependent use of mate choice cues in sticklebacks. - Behavioral Ecology 20: 1223-1227. - pdf

Vlieger, L. & Candolin, U. 2009. How not to be seen: does eutrophication influence stickleback sneaking behaviour? – Journal of Fish Biology 75: 2163-2174. - pdf

Candolin. U. 2009. Population responses to anthropogenic disturbance: lessons from three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus in eutrophied habitats. – Journal of Fish Biology 75: 2108-2121.- pdf

Candolin, U. & Heuschele, J. 2008. Is sexual selection beneficial during adaptation to environmental change. – Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23, 446-452.- pdf

Candolin, U., Engström-Öst, J. & Salesto, T. 2008. Human-induced eutrophication enhances reproductive success through effects on parenting ability in sticklebacks – Oikos 17, 459-465. - pdf

Wong, B.B.M., Candolin, U. & Lindström, K. 2007. Environmental deterioration compromises socially-enforced signals of male quality in three-spined sticklebacks - American Naturalist. 170, 184-189. - pdf

Heuschele J., Candolin U. 2007. An increase in pH boosts olfactory communication in sticklebacks. Biology Letters 3, 411-413. - pdf

Candolin, U., Salesto, T. and Evers, M. 2007. Changed environmental conditions weaken sexual selection in sticklebacks. - Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20, 233-239. - pdf

Engström-Öst, J. & Candolin, U. 2007. Human induced water turbidity alters selection on sexual displays in sticklebacks – Behavioral Ecology 18, 393-398. - pdf

Engström-Öst, J., Immonen, E., Candolin, U. & Mattila, J. 2007. The indirect effects of eutrophication on habitat choice and survival of fish larvae in the Baltic Sea. - Marine Biology 151, 393-400. - pdf

Candolin, U. & Salesto, T. 2006. The effects of vegetation cover on nesting behaviour of sticklebacks. – Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59, 689-693. - pdf

Wong, B.B.M. & Candolin, U. 2005. How is female mate choice affected by male competition? – Biological Reviews 80, 559-571. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2005. Why do multiple traits determine mating success? Differential use in female choice and male competition in a water boatman. - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 272, 47-52. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2004. Opposing selection on a sexually dimorphic trait through female choice and male competition in a water boatman - Evolution 58, 1861-1864. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2004. Effects of algae cover on egg acquisition in male three-spined stickleback. – Behaviour 141, 1389-1399. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2003. The use of multiple cues in mate choice. - Biological Reviews 78, 575-595.  - pdf

Candolin, U & Voigt, H.-R. 2003. Size-dependent selection on arrival times in sticklebacks: why small males arrive first. - Evolution   57, 862-871.  - pdf

Candolin, U & Voigt, H.-R. 2003. Do changes in risk-taking affect habitat shifts of sticklebacks? - Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 55, 42-49. - pdf

Candolin, U & Reynolds, J.D. 2002. Adjustments of ejaculation rates in response to risk of sperm competition in a fish, the bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) – Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 269, 1549-1553. - pdf

Candolin, U. & Reynolds, J.D. 2002. Why do males tolerate sneakers? Tests with the European bitterling, Rhodeus sericeus. - Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 51,146-152.  - pdf

Candolin, U. & Voigt, H.-R. 2001. Correlation between male size and territory quality: consequence of male competition or predation risk? – Oikos 95,225-230. - pdf

Candolin, U. & Voigt, H.-R. 2001. No effect of a parasite on reproduction in stickleback males: a laboratory artefact? – Parasitology 122,457-464. - pdf

Candolin, U. & Reynolds J.D. 2001. Sexual signaling in the European bitterling: females learn the truth by direct inspection of the resource. - Behavioral Ecology 12, 407-411. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2000. Changes in expression and honesty of s exual signalling over the reproductive lifetime of sticklebacks. – Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267, 2425-2430. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2000. Male-male competition ensures honest signaling of male parental ability in the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. - Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49, 57-61. - pdf

Candolin, U. 2000. Increased signalling effort when survival prospects decrease: male-male competition ensures honesty - Animal Behaviour 60, 417-422. - pdf

Candolin, U. 1999. Male-male competition facilitates female choice in sticklebacks. –  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 266, 785-789. - pdf

Candolin, U. 1999. The relationship between signal quality and physical condition: is sexual signalling honest in the threespine stickleback? – Animal Behaviour 58, 1261-1267. - pdf

Candolin, U. 1998. Reproduction under predation risk and the trade-off between current and future reproduction in the threespine stickleback. - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 265, 1171-1175. - pdf

Candolin, U. 1998. Constraints on sexual signalling in the threespine stickleback. PhD dissertation. Annales Universitas Turkuensis Ser AII. 72 p.  

Candolin, U. & Voigt, H.-R. 1998. Predator-induced nest site preference: safe nests allow courtship in sticklebacks. - Animal Behaviour 565: 1205-1211. - pdf

Candolin, U. 1997. Predation risk affects courtship and attractiveness of competing threespine stickleback males. - Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 41: 81-87. - pdf