You fail. What do you do?

1 = The child tells a strategy that doesnít change the failure-context 2 = The child talks about changing the failure-context 3 = Canít classify the answer


       Iíll erase it 2


Mann-Whitney test: Answers that adapt to the failure versus answers that change the failure context


The child that talks about changing the given failure situation:

Partial correlations controlling for age, sex and kindergarten


The child that talks about changing the given failure-situation:

Discriminant analysis


The model with variables ďtandency to tell context-changing strategiesĒ and teacherís evaluation of childís social skills classifies 78.8% of original grouped cases correctly.




Almost four out of five of the childrenís answers could be predicted by knowing childís general tendency to answer in different situations and the teachers evaluation of childís social skills. Childrenís way of talking about the situations and acting in the situations are related.


Childrenís talk about their action tells not only about their development or understanding but show us how the world is changing. Narration not only reflects, it changes the reflection.


In childrenís narration child shows his/her perception of how the world is shaping. Learning must be seen in a new light. When things change they canít be learnt before they are created. You canít learn new things before you change them.