After Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré, 2000, Mayr, Mourer-Chauviré and Weidig, 2004, and Clarke, Ksepka, Smith & Norell, 2009

Alternative taxonomy after Olson, 1985, and Feduccia, 1980, 1996

<==o Coraciiformes Forbes, 1884 sensu stricto [Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré, 2000] [Coracii Wetmore & Mmiller, 1926 sensu Clarke, Ksepka, Smith & Norell, 2009] (blue-jays; säihkylinnut)
   |--o †Primobucconidae Feduccia & Martin, 1976 sensu Mayr, Mourer-Chauviré and Weidig, 2004
   |  |-- †Primobucconidae genera et species indet. [Mayr, Mourer-Chauviré and Weidig, 2004]
   |  |-- †Septencoracias morsensis Bourdon, Kristoffersen & Bonde, 2016
   |  `--o †Primobucco Brodkorb, 1970
   |     |-- †P. mcgrewi Brodkorb, 1970
   |     |-- †P. perneri Mayr, Mourer-Chauviré and Weidig, 2004
   |     `-- †P. frugilegus Mayr, Mourer-Chauviré and Weidig, 2004
   `--+-- †Eocoracias brachyptera Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré, 2000 [Eocoraciidae]
      `--+-- †Paracoracias occidentalis Clarke, Ksepka, Smith & Norell, 2009
         `--+?-o †Ceranopterus Milne-Edvards, 1892 [Geranopteridae]
            |  |-- †C. alatus Milne-Edvards, 1892
            |  |-- †C. bohemicus Mlíkovský, 1999
            |  `-- †C. milneedvardsii Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré, 2000
            `--o Coracioidea Cracraft, 1971
               |--o Brachypteraciidae
               |  |-- Brachypteracias leptosomus  (Lesson, 1833) Lafresnaye, 1834 (märkämarhi)
               |  `--o "Atelornithinae" (pittamarhet)
               |     |-- Geobiastes squamigera (Lafresnaye, 1838) Sharpe, 1871 (suomumarhi)
               |     `--o "Atelornithini" (pittamarhet)
               |        |-- Uratelornis chimaera Rothschild, 1895 (pyrstömarhi)
               |        `--o Atelornis Pucheran, 1846 (pittamarhet)
               |           |-- A. pittoides (Lafresnaye, 1834) (pittamarhi)
               |           `-- A. crossleyi Sharpe, 1875 (ruskomarhi)
               `--o Coraciidae (blue jays; sininärhet)
                  |--o Eurystomus Vieillot, 1816 (pikkusäihkynärhet)
                  |  |--o E. glaucurus (Statius Muller, 1776) (afrikansäihkynärhi)
                  |  |  |-- E. g. aethiopicus Neumann, 1905
                  |  |  |-- E. g. afer (Latham, 1790)
                  |  |  |-- E. g. glaucurus (Statius Muller, 1776)
                  |  |  `-- E. g. suahelicus Neumann, 1905
                  |  |--o E. gularis Vieillot, 1819 (guineansäihkynärhi)
                  |  |  |-- E. g. gularis Vieillot, 1819
                  |  |  `-- E. g. neglectus Neumann, 1908
                  |  |--o E. orientalis (Linnaeus, 1766) (aasiansäihkynärhi)
                  |  |  |-- E. o. cyanocollis Vieillot, 1819,
                  |  |  |-- E. o. crassirostris PL Sclater, 1869
                  |  |  |-- E. o. gigas Stresemann, 1913
                  |  |  |-- E. o. irisi Deraniyagala, 1951
                  |  |  |-- E. o. laetior Sharpe, 1890
                  |  |  |-- E. o. oberholseri Junge, 1936
                  |  |  |-- E. o. orientalis (Linnaeus, 1766)
                  |  |  |-- E. o. pacificus (Latham, 1802)
                  |  |  |-- E. o. solomonensis Sharpe, 1890
                  |  |  -- E. o. waigiouensis Elliot, 1871
                  |  `-- E. azureus GR Gray, 1861 (molukkiensäihkynärhi)
                  `--o Coracias Linnaeus, 1758 (säihkynärhet)
                     |--o C. garrulus Linnaeus, 1758 (blue jay; sininärhi)
                     |  |-- C. g. garrulus Linnaeus, 1758
                     |  `-- C. g. semenowi Loudon & Tschusi, 1902
                     |-- C. abyssinica Hermann, 1783 [C. abyssinicus] (abessiniansäihkynärhi)
                     |--o C. naevius Daudin, 1800 [C. noevia] (viirusäihkynärhi)
                     |  |-- C. n. mosambicus Dresser, 1890
                     |  `-- C. n. naevius Daudin, 1800
                     |-- C. temminckii (Vieillot, 1819) (celebesinsäihkynärhi)
                     |-- C. cyanogaster Cuvier, 1816 (lännensäihkynärhi)
                     |--o C. caudata Linnaeus, 1766 (säihkynärhi)
                     |  |-- C. c. lorti Shelley, 1885 (Blue-breasted Roller)
                     |  `-- C. c. caudata Linnaeus, 1766 (Lilac-breasted Roller)
                     |--o C. spatulata Trimen, 1880 [C. spatulatus] (viirisäihkynärhi)
                     |  |-- C. s. spatulata (Racket-tailed Roller)
                     |  `?- C. s. weigalli (Weigall's Roller)
                     `--o C. benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (intiansäihkynärhi)
                        |-- C. b. benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Northern Roller)
                        |-- C. b. indica Linnaeus, 1766 [C. b. indicus] (Southern Roller)
                        `-- C. b. affinis Horsfield, 1840 (Burmese Roller)

After Clarke, Ksepka, Smith & Norell, 2009 (fig. 8)

<==o Coracii
   `==o †Primobucconidae
      |-- †Primobucco mcgrewi
      |-- †Primobucco perneri
      |-- †Primobucco frugilegus
      `--+-- †Eocoracias brachyptera
         `--+-- †Paracoracias occidentalis
            `--o Coracioidea
               |?- †Ceranopterus alatus
               |--o Brachypteraciidae
               |  |-- Atelornis pittoides
               |  `--+-- Brachypteracias leptosomus
               |     `--+-- Atelornis crossleyi
               |        `-- Uratelornis chimaera
               `--o Coraciidae
                  |--o Eurystomus
                  |  |-- E. glaucurus
                  |  `-- E. orientalis
                  `--o Coracias
                     |-- C. garrulus
                     `-- C. caudata

Reference(s):

  • Clarke, J. A., Ksepka, D. T., Smith, N. A. & Norell, M. A., 2009: Combined phylogenetic analysis of a new North American fossil species confirms widespread Eocene distribution for stem rollers (Aves, Coracii).
    –Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society: Vol. 157, #3, pp. 586-611 [doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00550.x]

Alternative taxonomy after Olson, 1985, and Feduccia, 1980, 1996

<==o Coraciiformes
   |--o Atelornithidae
   |  |?- †“Primobucco”
   |  |-- Uratelornis
   |  `-- Atelornis
   |--o Leptosomatidae
   |  `-- Leptosomus
   `--+?-o Brachypteraciidae
      |  `-- Brachypteracias
      `--o Coraciidae
         |-- †Ceranopterus
         |-- Coracias
         `-- Eurystomus

Reference(s):