When I was I visiting scholar at Cornell University,
I wrote an article, in which I presented three improved metacognitive
tools: Improved Concept Mapping,
Improved Vee Heuristics and ARRA or Analysis
of Reasoning, Rhetorics and Argumentation. I was building on
earlier article written by Novak (1990), in which he wrote about
concept maps and Vee heuristics as two metacognitive tools.
Use of concept maps and Vee heuristics requires lots
of hard work, and reflective thinking which need time and energy.
Speaking and writing about the same ideas is much easier. Writing
develops thinking and reflection more systematically than speaking
does. Probably use of improved concept maps, improved Vee heuristics
and ARRA promotes even more high quality learning and reflective
thinking than writing itself does. This is an empirical question
to which only later research can provide more empirical evidence
against or for.
Åhlberg, M. 1993. Concept
maps, Vee diagrams and Rhetorical Argumentation (RA) Analysis: Three
educational theory-based tools to facilitate meaningful learning.
Paper presented at The Third International Seminar on Misconceptions
in Science and Mathematics. August 1- 5, 1993. Cornell University.
Published digitally in the Proceedings of the Seminar, http://www.mlrg.org/proc3abstracts.html
(Read 26 2. 2003.)
Åhlberg, M. 1997. Jatkuva laadunparantaminen
korkealaatuisena oppimisena. (Continual Quality Improvement as High
Quality Learning) University of Joensuu. Research Reports of the
Faculty of Education N:o 68.
Åhlberg, M. 1998a. Ecopedagogy and Ecodidactics:
Education for Sustainable Development, Good Environment and Good
Life. University of Joensuu. Bulletins of the Faculty of Education.
Åhlberg, M. 1998b. Kestävän kehityksen
pedagogiikka ja yleisdidaktiikka. Joensuun yliopisto. Kasvatustieteiden
tiedekunnan selosteita N:o 71.
Åhlberg, M. 1998c. Education for sustainability,
good environment and good life. In Åhlberg, M. & Leal
Filho, W. (Eds.) 1998. Environmental education for sustainability:
good environment, good life. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 25 -
Novak, J. 1990.